Network
Launch Date
Consensus
Note
Sepolia
Oct 2021
PoW
Like-for-like representation of Ethereum
Görli
Jan 2019
PoA
Proof-of-Authority
Kiln
Mar 2022
PoS
Post-Merge (for ETH2), shadow fork of the mainnet
Kintsugi
Dec 2021
PoS
DEPRECATED, use Kiln; post-Merge (for ETH2)
Ropsten
Nov 2016
PoW
DEPRECATED, use Sepolia; the Merge to happen on Jun 8, 2022
Rinkeby
Apr 2017
PoA
DEPRECATED, use Görli and Görli Faucet
Kovan
Mar 2017
PoA
DEPRECATED, use Sepolia or Görli
List of active and deprecated Ethereum testnets, including Kintsugi.
Features
Optimistic rollup 
ZK-rollup 
Proof
Uses fraud proofs to prove transaction validity. 
Uses validity (zero-knowledge) proofs to prove transaction validity. 
Capital efficiency
Requires waiting through a 1-week delay (dispute period) before withdrawing funds. 
Users can withdraw funds immediately because validity proofs provide incontrovertible evidence of the authenticity of off-chain transactions. 
Data compression
Publishes full transaction data as calldata to Ethereum Mainnet, which increases rollup costs. 
Doesn't need to publish transaction data on Ethereum because ZK-SNARKs and ZK-STARKs already guarantee the accuracy of the rollup state. 
EVM compatibility
Uses a simulation of the Ethereum Virtual Machine (EVM), which allows it to run arbitrary logic and support smart contracts. 
Doesn't widely support EVM computation, although a few EVM-compatible ZK-rollups have appeared. 
Rollup costs
Reduces costs since it publishes minimal data on Ethereum and doesn't have to post proofs for transactions, except in special circumstances. 
Faces higher overhead from costs involved in generating and verifying proofs for every transaction block. ZK proofs require specialized, expensive hardware to create and have high on-chain verification costs. 
Trust assumptions
Doesn't require a trusted setup. 
Requires a trusted setup to work. 
Liveness requirements
Verifiers are needed to keep tabs on the actual rollup state and the one referenced in the state root to detect fraud. 
Users don't need someone to watch the L2 chain to detect fraud. 
Security properties 
Relies on cryptoeconomic incentives to assure users of rollup security. 
Relies on cryptographic guarantees for security. 
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curl 
https://release.solana.com/v1.10.32/solana-install-init-x86_64-pc-windows-msvc.exe 
--output 
C:\solana-install-tmp\solana-install-init.exe 
--create-dirs
NFTs
NFT VIEWER TUTORIAL

How to Develop an NFT Viewer Dapp to Display a Wallet's NFTs

Learn how to build a dapp to view NFTs of a given wallet address using the Alchemy NFT API.
Last Updated:
October 28, 2022
Table of Contents
Table of Contents
Table of Contents

{{building-alchemy-ad}}

One of the most prominent aspects of NFT smart contracts is that they do not include the artwork, images, or files themselves, but just links or URIs to them and their metadata. These tokens identify off-chain locations for such files and data, therefore the blockchain is not responsible for hosting this content.

As we will see in this next section, ERC-1155 is an improvement over ERC-721 in that its code works for both non-fungible and semi-fungible tokens (NFTs).

NFT Viewer Requirements

NFT Viewer Tutorial

Here are the steps to create an NFT viewer dapp using Alchemy.

1. Clone the Repo

To clone the NFT Viewer repository, open up your terminal and run the following command:


git clone https://github.com/alchemyplatform/Build-Your-NFT-Explorer.git

2. Install npm

NPM stands for "node package manager." To install npm, simply run this command from your terminal:


npm install

3. Create an Alchemy Account on Alchemy

Create a new Alchemy account or create a new app if you're already an Alchemy developer.

Once you have your app, copy your API Key.

Create a new Alchemy app and copy your API Key

4. Replace your API Key in the fetNFTs.js file

From there update const apiKey = "demo"; in src/utils/fetchNFTs.js with your Alchemy API Key.

Then run this command in your terminal:


npm start

5. Enter a wallet address

To view the owned NFTs of a given wallet address, simply enter the wallet's address string.

NFT Viewer Dapp User Interface

For more info on this tutorial refer to this video!

Using the Alchemy NFT API

The NFT API from Alchemy allows you to rapidly obtain all of the information you need about NFTs from the blockchain, and it works across Ethereum, Polygon, Arbitrum, Optimism, and Ethereum testnets.

Rather than manually scanning, indexing, and storing data, you can now submit a single request to retrieve particular NFT information for both ERC-721 and ERC-1155 tokens. This includes retrieving information such as finding all NFTs held by an address or metadata/attributes for a given NFT token. 

For more information check out the NFT API documentation. 

What are NFTs (Non-Fungible Tokens)?

The term "NFT" refers to digital assets that represent real-world artifacts, such as art, music, or video game assets.‚Äć

Even though they've only been around since 2014, the use of NFTs to purchase and sell digital artwork continues to grow in popularity. Today there are multiple smart contract implementations for NFTs on Ethereum with the two main token standards being ERC-721 and ERC-1155.

What are ERC-721 tokens?

Since their first release as an Ethereum Improvement Proposal (EIP) in September 2017, ERC721 tokens, also known as Non-Fungible Tokens (NFTs), allow developers to tokenize ownership of any arbitrary data on the Ethereum blockchain.  

ERC-721 defines the minimal interface that a smart contract must technically implement. This basic interface facilitates token ownership, trading, and administration. ERC-721 does not require a token-related information standard and does not exclude the installation of functions that exceed minimum requirements.

The ERC-721 token standard greatly expands the design space for tokens. Because each non-fungible token is linked to a distinct identity, they are all unique to their owner. Tokens adhering to the ERC-20 token standard on the other hand are fungible, meaning they may be used interchangeably.

Dieter Shirley, the chief technology officer at Dapper Labs, designed ERC-721 as a draft EIP (Ethereum Improvement Proposal), which ultimately served as the foundation for the game CryptoKitties. Other ERC-721 authors include William Entriken, Jacob Evans, and Nastassia Sachs.

What are ERC-1155s?

The ERC-1155 token standard is for semi-fungible tokens, and was created by a team of developers at Enjin to solve the limitations of ERC20 and ERC721 tokens.

Previously, a separate contract was needed for each fungible or non-fungible currency under ERC-20 or ERC-721 respectively. In addition, older standards restricted certain capabilities by dividing each contract into a separate address. As a result, the Ethereum blockchain is littered with unused bytecode. 

Conclusion

Although NFTs are still in their infancy, they are presenting artists with extraordinary benefits like digital ownership, new revenue streams, and enhanced community engagement.

To continue learning about NFT dapps, explore related tutorials such as:

  1. How to Create an ERC-721 Token
  2. How to Create an ERC-1155 Token
  3. How to Batch Mint NFTs with ERC721A
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NFTs
NFT VIEWER TUTORIAL

How to Develop an NFT Viewer (5-Step Tutorial)

Learn how to build a dapp to view NFTs of a given wallet address using the Alchemy NFT API.
Last Updated:
October 28, 2022
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents

{{building-alchemy-ad}}

One of the most prominent aspects of NFT smart contracts is that they do not include the artwork, images, or files themselves, but just links or URIs to them and their metadata. These tokens identify off-chain locations for such files and data, therefore the blockchain is not responsible for hosting this content.

As we will see in this next section, ERC-1155 is an improvement over ERC-721 in that its code works for both non-fungible and semi-fungible tokens (NFTs).

NFT Viewer Requirements

NFT Viewer Tutorial

Here are the steps to create an NFT viewer dapp using Alchemy.

1. Clone the Repo

To clone the NFT Viewer repository, open up your terminal and run the following command:


git clone https://github.com/alchemyplatform/Build-Your-NFT-Explorer.git

2. Install npm

NPM stands for "node package manager." To install npm, simply run this command from your terminal:


npm install

3. Create an Alchemy Account on Alchemy

Create a new Alchemy account or create a new app if you're already an Alchemy developer.

Once you have your app, copy your API Key.

Create a new Alchemy app and copy your API Key

4. Replace your API Key in the fetNFTs.js file

From there update const apiKey = "demo"; in src/utils/fetchNFTs.js with your Alchemy API Key.

Then run this command in your terminal:


npm start

5. Enter a wallet address

To view the owned NFTs of a given wallet address, simply enter the wallet's address string.

NFT Viewer Dapp User Interface

For more info on this tutorial refer to this video!

Using the Alchemy NFT API

The NFT API from Alchemy allows you to rapidly obtain all of the information you need about NFTs from the blockchain, and it works across Ethereum, Polygon, Arbitrum, Optimism, and Ethereum testnets.

Rather than manually scanning, indexing, and storing data, you can now submit a single request to retrieve particular NFT information for both ERC-721 and ERC-1155 tokens. This includes retrieving information such as finding all NFTs held by an address or metadata/attributes for a given NFT token. 

For more information check out the NFT API documentation. 

What are NFTs (Non-Fungible Tokens)?

The term "NFT" refers to digital assets that represent real-world artifacts, such as art, music, or video game assets.‚Äć

Even though they've only been around since 2014, the use of NFTs to purchase and sell digital artwork continues to grow in popularity. Today there are multiple smart contract implementations for NFTs on Ethereum with the two main token standards being ERC-721 and ERC-1155.

What are ERC-721 tokens?

Since their first release as an Ethereum Improvement Proposal (EIP) in September 2017, ERC721 tokens, also known as Non-Fungible Tokens (NFTs), allow developers to tokenize ownership of any arbitrary data on the Ethereum blockchain.  

ERC-721 defines the minimal interface that a smart contract must technically implement. This basic interface facilitates token ownership, trading, and administration. ERC-721 does not require a token-related information standard and does not exclude the installation of functions that exceed minimum requirements.

The ERC-721 token standard greatly expands the design space for tokens. Because each non-fungible token is linked to a distinct identity, they are all unique to their owner. Tokens adhering to the ERC-20 token standard on the other hand are fungible, meaning they may be used interchangeably.

Dieter Shirley, the chief technology officer at Dapper Labs, designed ERC-721 as a draft EIP (Ethereum Improvement Proposal), which ultimately served as the foundation for the game CryptoKitties. Other ERC-721 authors include William Entriken, Jacob Evans, and Nastassia Sachs.

What are ERC-1155s?

The ERC-1155 token standard is for semi-fungible tokens, and was created by a team of developers at Enjin to solve the limitations of ERC20 and ERC721 tokens.

Previously, a separate contract was needed for each fungible or non-fungible currency under ERC-20 or ERC-721 respectively. In addition, older standards restricted certain capabilities by dividing each contract into a separate address. As a result, the Ethereum blockchain is littered with unused bytecode. 

Conclusion

Although NFTs are still in their infancy, they are presenting artists with extraordinary benefits like digital ownership, new revenue streams, and enhanced community engagement.

To continue learning about NFT dapps, explore related tutorials such as:

  1. How to Create an ERC-721 Token
  2. How to Create an ERC-1155 Token
  3. How to Batch Mint NFTs with ERC721A

One of the most prominent aspects of NFT smart contracts is that they do not include the artwork, images, or files themselves, but just links or URIs to them and their metadata. These tokens identify off-chain locations for such files and data, therefore the blockchain is not responsible for hosting this content.

As we will see in this next section, ERC-1155 is an improvement over ERC-721 in that its code works for both non-fungible and semi-fungible tokens (NFTs).

NFT Viewer Requirements

NFT Viewer Tutorial

Here are the steps to create an NFT viewer dapp using Alchemy.

1. Clone the Repo

To clone the NFT Viewer repository, open up your terminal and run the following command:


git clone https://github.com/alchemyplatform/Build-Your-NFT-Explorer.git

2. Install npm

NPM stands for "node package manager." To install npm, simply run this command from your terminal:


npm install

3. Create an Alchemy Account on Alchemy

Create a new Alchemy account or create a new app if you're already an Alchemy developer.

Once you have your app, copy your API Key.

Create a new Alchemy app and copy your API Key

4. Replace your API Key in the fetNFTs.js file

From there update const apiKey = "demo"; in src/utils/fetchNFTs.js with your Alchemy API Key.

Then run this command in your terminal:


npm start

5. Enter a wallet address

To view the owned NFTs of a given wallet address, simply enter the wallet's address string.

NFT Viewer Dapp User Interface

For more info on this tutorial refer to this video!

Using the Alchemy NFT API

The NFT API from Alchemy allows you to rapidly obtain all of the information you need about NFTs from the blockchain, and it works across Ethereum, Polygon, Arbitrum, Optimism, and Ethereum testnets.

Rather than manually scanning, indexing, and storing data, you can now submit a single request to retrieve particular NFT information for both ERC-721 and ERC-1155 tokens. This includes retrieving information such as finding all NFTs held by an address or metadata/attributes for a given NFT token. 

For more information check out the NFT API documentation. 

What are NFTs (Non-Fungible Tokens)?

The term "NFT" refers to digital assets that represent real-world artifacts, such as art, music, or video game assets.‚Äć

Even though they've only been around since 2014, the use of NFTs to purchase and sell digital artwork continues to grow in popularity. Today there are multiple smart contract implementations for NFTs on Ethereum with the two main token standards being ERC-721 and ERC-1155.

What are ERC-721 tokens?

Since their first release as an Ethereum Improvement Proposal (EIP) in September 2017, ERC721 tokens, also known as Non-Fungible Tokens (NFTs), allow developers to tokenize ownership of any arbitrary data on the Ethereum blockchain.  

ERC-721 defines the minimal interface that a smart contract must technically implement. This basic interface facilitates token ownership, trading, and administration. ERC-721 does not require a token-related information standard and does not exclude the installation of functions that exceed minimum requirements.

The ERC-721 token standard greatly expands the design space for tokens. Because each non-fungible token is linked to a distinct identity, they are all unique to their owner. Tokens adhering to the ERC-20 token standard on the other hand are fungible, meaning they may be used interchangeably.

Dieter Shirley, the chief technology officer at Dapper Labs, designed ERC-721 as a draft EIP (Ethereum Improvement Proposal), which ultimately served as the foundation for the game CryptoKitties. Other ERC-721 authors include William Entriken, Jacob Evans, and Nastassia Sachs.

What are ERC-1155s?

The ERC-1155 token standard is for semi-fungible tokens, and was created by a team of developers at Enjin to solve the limitations of ERC20 and ERC721 tokens.

Previously, a separate contract was needed for each fungible or non-fungible currency under ERC-20 or ERC-721 respectively. In addition, older standards restricted certain capabilities by dividing each contract into a separate address. As a result, the Ethereum blockchain is littered with unused bytecode. 

Conclusion

Although NFTs are still in their infancy, they are presenting artists with extraordinary benefits like digital ownership, new revenue streams, and enhanced community engagement.

To continue learning about NFT dapps, explore related tutorials such as:

  1. How to Create an ERC-721 Token
  2. How to Create an ERC-1155 Token
  3. How to Batch Mint NFTs with ERC721A

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